Spyware Attacks on the Rise in Nigeria: Types, Prevention, and Recovery

Spyware Attacks

Spyware Attacks on the Rise in Nigeria: Brace yourself for some concerning news—Nigeria has been experiencing a worrisome surge in spyware attacks lately. This article aims to shed light on the different types of spyware attacks, offer preventive measures, and guide you on what to do if you suspect your device has been compromised.

In recent months, Nigeria has witnessed a noteworthy surge in spyware attacks. According to a recent report from Kaspersky, the number of spyware attacks in Nigeria skyrocketed by a staggering 14.6% in the first quarter of 2023. According to Interpol’s African Cyber Threat Assessment Report, almost 220 million email threats were detected in Africa in 2021

Now, what exactly is spyware? Well, it’s a type of malicious software that sneaks into your system with the sole intention of pilfering your personal information. From passwords to credit card details and email addresses, nothing is off-limits. Additionally, spyware can stealthily monitor your online activities—keeping tabs on the websites you visit and the files you download. With the growing interconnectivity and the widespread adoption of technology, Nigeria finds itself in the crosshairs of an alarming surge in spyware attacks. Hence, it’s crucial to adopt a proactive stance in safeguarding your personal and sensitive data.

The avenues through which spyware infiltrates your computer or mobile device are diverse. It can be cunningly disguised in downloads from malicious websites, concealed within email attachments, or even surreptitiously bundled with fake apps. Once spyware takes root in your system, removing it becomes an arduous task. Furthermore, it grants remote control to the attacker, giving them free rein to plunder your data, capture screenshots, or even lock your device.

Spyware attacks are a real threat in Nigeria, and we’re here to arm you with the knowledge to shield yourself. In this article, we’ll delve into preventive strategies and equip you with steps to take if you suspect your device has fallen victim to these insidious intrusions.

Types Of Spyware Attacks

Spyware comes in various forms, each with its own sneaky way of compromising your privacy and security. Let’s dive into a few of these tricky culprits:


These sneaky creatures quietly record every keystroke you make on your device, giving cybercriminals full access to your passwords, credit card details, and other sensitive information. It’s like having a spy peering over your shoulder, snatching up your personal data without you even realizing it.

Screen recorders

Imagine someone secretly filming your every move on your computer screen. That’s exactly what screen recorders do. They slyly capture video footage of everything you do, from private conversations to financial transactions or confidential documents. The scary part is that attackers can exploit this footage for identity theft, blackmail, or other malicious purposes.

Trojan horses

Picture a deceptive spy wearing a clever disguise. That’s what Trojan horses are. They masquerade as innocent-looking software or files, tricking unsuspecting users into downloading and installing them. Once inside, they unleash unauthorized activities like remote access for attackers, stealing personal info, or even inviting more malware to the party. They’re experts at exploiting software vulnerabilities or manipulating users with social engineering tricks.

Red Shell spyware

Red Shell spyware is a type of spyware that installs itself during the installation of certain PC games and then tracks gamers’ online activities. Its makers allegedly wanted to help developers improve their games, but the software was installed without a person’s knowledge or consent.


Brace yourself for the most damaging spyware of them all. Ransomware takes your files, hostage, by encrypting them, making them completely inaccessible until you pay a hefty ransom. This vicious attack can wreak havoc on individuals and businesses alike, causing financial losses, operational disruptions, and jeopardizing sensitive data. It often spreads through malicious email attachments, compromised websites, or sneaky drive-by downloads.

Adware and spyware bundles

Here’s a tag team that can ruin your online experience. Adware pops up unwanted ads on your device, slowing down your system and invading your privacy by collecting personal information to target you with more ads. Meanwhile, spyware bundles team up spyware with legitimate software, cunningly hiding in the shadows. They install themselves silently, lurking in the background, stealthily gathering your data without your consent.

Mobile spyware

As our reliance on smartphones and mobile devices grows, spyware has adapted to target these platforms too. Mobile spyware can be particularly invasive, accessing your call logs, text messages, location data, and even surreptitiously activating your device’s microphone or camera. These crafty attacks often spread through malicious apps, third-party app stores, or phishing attempts aimed at unsuspecting mobile users.


Cookies can be useful for instantly logging you into your favourite websites, keeping track of your settings and preferences, and serving you reasonably relevant advertisements. But web tracking cookies are like spyware, because they follow you online, track your browsing history, and record your login attempts. With the right knowledge and tools, a black hat hacker might use cookies to recreate your log in sessions

How To Protect Yourself from Spyware Attacks

To protect yourself from spyware attacks, follow this step-by-step guide:

  1. Use anti-spyware software. Software is the front line between you and an attacker. There are various types of anti-virus software available to fit your budget and needs.
  2. Update your system. Make sure you update your browser and device often. There may be a bug that leaves your device open to spyware that only a current update may fix.
  3. Pay attention to your downloads. Be careful when downloading content from file-sharing websites. Spyware and malware often hide inside these downloads.
  4. Avoid pop-ups. As tantalizing as they might be, don’t select pop-ups that appear on your screen. You can also install a pop-up blocker and never deal with them.
  5. Keep an eye on your email. Don’t download documents from emails you don’t recognize. Better yet, don’t open the emails at all. Delete them.

Note: While these preventive measures can greatly reduce the risk of spyware attacks, it is important to remember that no security measure is foolproof. It is essential to remain cautious, exercise safe online practices, and stay informed about emerging threats in order to stay protected.

What To Do If You Have Been Infected By Spyware

  1. Run a malware scan: There are mobile antivirus solutions available that can detect and remove spyware. This is the easiest solution available, but it may not be effective in every case. Cybersecurity vendors, including Malwarebytes, Avast, and Bitdefender, all offer mobile spyware-scanning tools. 
  2. Change your passwords: If you suspect account compromise, change the passwords of every important account you have. Many of us have one or two central “hub” accounts, such as an email address linked to all of our other services. Remove access to any such hub services you use from a compromised device.
  3. Enable Three-Factor Authentication (3FA)When account activity and logins require further consent from a mobile device or user’s bio, this can also help protect individual accounts.
  4. Consider creating a new email address: Known only to you, the new email becomes tethered to your main accounts.
  5. Update your OS: It may seem obvious, but when an operating system releases a new version, which often comes with security patches and upgrades, this can — if you’re lucky — cause conflict and problems with spyware. Keep this updated.
  6. Protect your device physically: A PIN code, pattern, or enabling biometrics can protect your mobile device from future tampering. 
  7. If all else fails, factory reset… or junk it: Performing a factory reset and clean install on the device you believe is compromised may help eradicate some forms of spyware and stalker ware. However, make sure to back up important content first. On Android platforms, the reset option is usually found under Settings General Management > Reset > Factory Data Reset. On iOS, go to Settings > General > Transfer or Reset phone

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