How To Open, Edit, & Convert SRT Files

This article has been posted to explain How To Open, Edit, & Convert SRT Files on a3techworld Nigeria, what an SRT file is, how to edit one or make your own, which programs can play the file along with a video, and how to convert one to a different subtitle format.

Unfamiliar file types are the bane of many computer users’ existence. With so many different file extensions in use for such a diverse range of purposes, coming across something with a .srt extension can feel like a headache waiting to happen.

SRT files are a type of subtitle file that accompanies a video file to provide captions on-screen when you play the video.

What Is an SRT File?

An SRT file is a SubRip subtitle file, which contains a series of time codes and the subtitles that accompany those times on the associated video. The file enables your media player to display the appropriate subtitles as the video file is playing.

It’s important to note that SRT files themselves are just text files that are used along with video data. This means the SRT file itself doesn’t contain any video or audio data.

How to Open SRT Files

Opening any SRT file is quite easy, you can open an SRT file with applications like VLC, MPC-HC, KMPlayer, MPlayer, BS.Player, or Windows Media Player (with the VobSub plugin). The SRT format is approved for YouTube videos as well, meaning you can even utilize the subtitles in one of your YouTube videos. How To Open, Edit, & Convert SRT Files.

Opening SRT file as a Text Document:

This section gives you a quick guide on how you can open any SRT file as a text document. Using a word processing program provides a basic way to open the file, although it won’t serve its intended purpose using this approach. However, if you only want to see what the file contains and work out which video file it’s for, this is the most straightforward approach to use.

Right-click the file, choose Open With, and then select whichever word processor you prefer. Generally, choosing WordPad or Notepad is the easiest approach for opening an SRT file, but you can use Microsoft Word or other word processing programs if you prefer. You’ll see a list of timestamps with the associated dialogue underneath.

Opening SRT file in VLC Media Player:

VLC Media Player is a versatile free media player that supports a wide range of video formats and file formats. It’s also one of the best programs to use if you’re struggling to open a subtitle file using another program because it allows you to add any subtitle file to the currently playing video easily.

Open the video file associated with the subtitles in VLC, right-click the screen and choose Subtitle and Add Subtitle File from the options that appear. This takes you to a dialogue box where you can navigate your computer’s folders and find the SRT file. Choose the appropriate file and then bring up the same right-click menu again and make sure the file is selected under the Sub Track menu.

Open SRT File in Windows Media Player:

Windows Media Player is included with PCs running Windows, but it isn’t as easy to open an SRT file with the program because there isn’t a dedicated option to add it to a video. However, if you ensure the subtitle file is in the same folder as the video with the same file name (not counting the .srt extension), the program might pick it up automatically. Right-click on the screen, choose Lyrics, captions, and subtitles, and then select On if available.

How to Convert an SRT File

Some of the SRT editors and video players above can convert SRT files to other subtitle formats. Jubler, for instance, can save an open SRT file to an SSA, SUB, TXT, STL, XML, or DXFP file, all of which are different types of subtitle formats.

You can also convert SRT files online at websites like Rev.com and Subtitle Converter. Rev.com, for example, can convert the SRT file to SCC, MCC, TTML, QT.TXT, VTT, CAP, and others. It can do so in batch and will even convert the SRT file to multiple formats simultaneously.

Easy steps to Create an SRT File

You can build your own SRT file using any text editor, so long as you keep the format correct and save it with the .SRT file extension. However, an easier way to build your own SRT file is to use the Jubler program mentioned at the top of this page.

An SRT file has a particular format it has to exist in. Here’s an example of just a snippet from an SRT file:

1097
01:20:45,138 --> 01:20:48,164
You'd say anything now
to get what you want.

The first number is the order that this subtitle chunk should take in relation to all the others. In the full SRT file, the next section is called 1098, and then 1099, and so on.

The second line is the timecode for how long the text should be displayed on the screen. It’s set up in the format of HH:MM:SS,MIL, which is hours:minutes:seconds,milliseconds. This explains how long the text should display on the screen. In that example, those words would remain on the screen for about 3 seconds (48-45 seconds).

The other lines are the text that should show up during the time period defined right above it.

After one section, there needs to be a line of blank space before you start the next, which in this example would be:

1098
01:20:52,412 --> 01:20:55,142
You want to feel sorry for yourself,
don't you?

Nothing special needs to be included at the very start or end of the SRT file. Just start and end like you’d write the examples we’ve given here.

The very end of this file might look something like this:

1120
01:33:50,625 --> 01:33:52,293
This is finally the end.

More Information on the SRT Format

The program SubRip extracts subtitles from movies and displays the results in the SRT format as described above.

Another format that was originally called WebSRT, uses the .SRT file extension, too. It’s now called WebVTT (Web Video Text Track) and uses the .VTT file extension. While it’s supported by major browsers like Chrome and Firefox, it’s not as popular as the SubRip Subtitle format and doesn’t use the exact same format.

You can download SRT files from a variety of websites. One example is Podnapisi.net, which lets you download subtitles for TV shows and movies using an advanced search to find the exact video by year, type, episode, season, or language.

MKVToolNix is one example of a program that can delete or add subtitle files from MKV files.

Frequently Asked Questions on SRT files

  • How do you download an SRT file from YouTube? If the closed captions icon (CC) is visible beneath a YouTube video, you can use a site like SaveSubs to extract and download the video’s subtitles. On SaveSubs, enter the URL of the video, select Download, and then select SRT.
  • How do you create an SRT file for Facebook? First, create the SRT file using a text editor or an SRT editor like Jubler. Then, select Edit video on the Facebook video, and select Choose File below Upload SRT files to upload your SRT file.

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