5G Technology in Nigeria: The Benefits, Impact, and Challenges

5G Technology in Nigeria

With the advent of 5G technology, Nigeria is poised to experience a transformative leap in its digital landscape. As the fifth generation of cellular network technology, 5G brings a host of improvements over its predecessors, including blazing-fast speeds, ultra-low latency, and enhanced capacity.

In this article, we delve into the benefits, impact, and challenges of 5G in Nigeria, exploring its potential to revolutionize key sectors such as healthcare, education, and manufacturing. As the nation embraces this cutting-edge technology, understanding the implications becomes crucial for maximizing its potential and addressing the hurdles that lie ahead.

The benefits of 5G technology in Nigeria are far-reaching. By harnessing faster speeds of up to 10 gigabits per second, 5G enables Nigerian users to enjoy lightning-fast connectivity, empowering them to download movies, work remotely, stream videos, and play games in real-time.

The reduced latency of 5G compared to 4G ensures a more responsive and lag-free user experience, opening doors to innovative applications and seamless interactions. Additionally, the increased capacity of 5G networks enables a greater number of devices to connect simultaneously, addressing the challenges posed by crowded areas and facilitating the seamless integration of smart devices and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies.

These benefits position 5G as a game-changer for Nigeria’s digital landscape and set the stage for significant advancements in various sectors.

Benefits of 5G Technology

The advantages of 5G are numerous and game-changing:

  1. Blazing-Fast Speeds: 5G can be significantly faster than 4G, delivering up to 20 Gigabits-per-second (Gbps) peak data rates and 100+ Megabits-per-second (Mbps) average data rates. 5G has more capacity than 4G. 5G is designed to support a 100x increase in traffic capacity and network efficiency. This means users can enjoy real-time streaming, lightning-fast downloads, and immersive gaming experiences.
  2. Reduced Latency: Latency refers to the time it takes for data to travel from one point to another. 5G boasts significantly lower latency than 4G, ensuring a highly responsive and lag-free user experience. This is particularly crucial for applications that require real-time responsiveness, such as augmented reality and remote robotics.
  3. Enhanced Capacity: With its superior capacity, 5G can support a much larger number of devices simultaneously. This is especially advantageous in crowded areas like stadiums and concert venues, where multiple users can connect to the network without experiencing congestion or slowdowns.

What states have 5G networks in Nigeria?

As of June 2023, there are 8 states in Nigeria that have 5G networks. These states are:

  • Lagos (MTN and Airtel)
  • Abuja (MTN and Airtel)
  • Port Harcourt (MTN and Airtel)
  • Ibadan (MTN)
  • Ogun (Airtel)
  • Kano (MTN)
  • Owerri (MTN)
  • Maiduguri (MTN)

Nigeria concluded its first 5G spectrum auction in 2021 and granted licences to two firms: MTN Nigeria and Mafab Communications. MTN Nigeria and Airtel Nigeria are the only mobile network operators that have launched 5G services in Nigeria. The companies have rolled out 5G in these 8 states, and plan to expand 5G coverage to other states in the future.

Impact of 5G on the Nigerian Economy

The deployment of 5G is expected to have a profound impact on the Nigerian economy. Here are some of the anticipated effects across various sectors:

  1. Healthcare Transformation: 5G technology can revolutionize healthcare delivery in Nigeria. It enables remote consultations between doctors and patients, facilitating access to medical expertise regardless of location. Additionally, real-time transmission of medical data can significantly improve patient care and emergency response.
  2. Education Advancement: 5G has the potential to enhance education in Nigeria by providing access to online learning opportunities. Students in remote areas can benefit from virtual classrooms and interactive educational content, fostering equal educational opportunities across the country.
  3. Manufacturing Optimization: The implementation of 5G in the manufacturing sector can lead to increased efficiency and productivity. By connecting machines and robots, 5G enables seamless communication, real-time monitoring, and automation, ultimately streamlining the production process.

Challenges of 5G Technology

While 5G brings immense benefits, there are challenges to be addressed for its successful implementation:

  1. Cost Considerations: 5G is still a relatively new technology, and its infrastructure deployment requires substantial investment. As a result, it may take time for 5G to become widely accessible and affordable to all Nigerians.
  2. Spectrum Allocation: 5G technology requires a significant amount of spectrum, which is a limited resource. Governments and regulatory bodies must allocate spectrum efficiently to 5G providers to ensure optimal network performance and coverage.
  3. Security Concerns: As with any emerging technology, the security of 5G networks is a vital consideration. Governments and businesses must prioritize cybersecurity measures to protect against potential threats and ensure the privacy and integrity of the network infrastructure.

How to activate and use 5G in Nigeria

To connect to the 5G network in Nigeria, there are two primary methods available: using a 5G router or utilizing a 4G SIM card on a 5G-compatible and 5G-enabled smartphone.

The first option is to use a 5G router, which provides a versatile and unrestricted means for accessing 5G in Nigeria. These routers can be obtained from any 5G service provider. Once within the coverage area of a 5G site, users can connect any Wi-Fi-enabled device to the router and enjoy the high-speed 5G network.

The second option involves having a 5G-compatible smartphone. These smartphones are specifically designed with built-in 5G network technology, allowing them to access 5G networks wherever available. Best smartphone brands such as Samsung, iPhone, Redmi, Xiaomi, Infinix, Nokia, and Huawei have models that are 5G-compatible.

Furthermore, to ensure seamless access to 5G services on these smartphones, they need to be 5G-enabled by integrating them into the operators’ 5G network. This backend integration enables the phones to connect to 5G services within the accredited 5G sites across the country.

By choosing either the 5G router or a 5G-compatible and 5G-enabled smartphone, Nigerians can experience the incredible speed and capabilities offered by the 5G network and unlock new possibilities for communication, productivity, and entertainment.

If you have a mobile phone that supports 5G but does not connect to the 5G network, you can check the network mode to make sure that your phone is 5G enabled. Follow the steps below:


  • Step 1. Open Settings and select Connections
  • Step 2. Select Mobile Network
  • Step 3. Tap Network mode and then select the option with 5G connectivity


The default settings for 5G on iPhone are optimized for battery life and data usage based on your data plan. You can customize these options for when to use 5G and how much data to use in some apps.

Find these options by going to Settings > Cellular > Cellular Data Options. If you’re using Dual SIM, go to Settings > Cellular and choose the number whose options you want to change.


In conclusion, 5G technology holds immense promise for Nigeria, offering a wide range of benefits, potential impacts, and a few challenges to navigate. The faster speeds, lower latency, and increased capacity of 5G have the power to revolutionize sectors such as healthcare, education, and manufacturing, bringing improved services, enhanced connectivity, and greater efficiency.

However, it is important to address the challenges associated with the adoption of 5G, including the cost of deployment, spectrum allocation, and cybersecurity concerns. As Nigeria embraces 5G technology, it must strive to strike a balance between maximizing the benefits and mitigating the challenges to ensure a smooth and successful transition. By doing so, Nigeria can harness the full potential of 5G to drive economic growth, innovation, and a more connected future for its citizens.

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